Tango is a musical genre and a dance, characteristic of the Río de la Plata region and its area of influence, mainly of the cities of Buenos Aires in Argentina and Montevideo in Uruguay. Born at the end of the 19th century of the cultural fusion of Afro-Plato communities, with the Gaucho, indigenous, Hispanic, African, Italian culture and the enormous ethnic diversity of the great immigration wave coming mainly from Europe, it became a genre of global nature from the second decade of the twentieth century. Since then it has remained one of the most powerful international musical genres in the world.
Tango revolutionized popular dance by introducing a sensual dance with a hugging partner that proposes a deep emotional relationship of each person with their own body and the bodies of the dancers with each other. Referring to that relationship, Enrique Santos Discépolo, one of his greatest poets, defined tango as “a sad thought that is danced.”
In 2009, at the request of the cities of Buenos Aires and Montevideo, Unesco declared it Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity (PCI).